Located near the Tabriz bazaar, Azerbaijan (or Aturpatgan) Constitution House of Tabriz has great historical significance.
But to understand it’s depth, first understand Tabriz has had a long turbulent history shrouded by great legends and myths. The town of Tabriz has origins believed to date back to distant antiquity, perhaps even before the Sassanian era (224 - 651 A.D). Since then many great artists and philosophers from all over the world traveled to Tabriz.
In 1392, at the end of Mongol rule, the town was sacked by Tamerlane then restored by Turkman tribes. This was before the Safavids kings slowly made Tabriz the capital city, and to no surprise as the Ottomans bagan attacking tribes such as Armenians. The town then went into a period of decline, fought over by the Iranians, Ottomans and Russians, and also struck by earthquakes. This brings us back to the Constitution House and Russian expansionism.
The two story building was originally constructed in 1868, and during the following years the Constitutional Revolution commenced it's use as a gathering place of leaders and activists. Popularly known as "Khaneh Mashrouteh", the Constitution House is a symbol of fighting despotism and struggles by Sattar Khan and Baqir Khan: the two key figures in the Iranian constitutional movement.
The revolution led to the first establishment of a parliament in Iran during the Qajar Dynasty. And for the second time in history, the house became important just after World War II, when it was used as a meeting centre for Azerbaijan's Democrat Party (1946-1947).
The most beautiful part of the house is a skylight and corridor decorated with colourful glass and mirrors. The house includes a two-floor building with internal and external areas ("andaruni" and "biruni") based on Qajar period architecture.
The first floor is currently an exhibition of sculptures of famous Iranian revolutionaries, including some of their personal belongings such as:
b. Underground published newspapers;
c. Display of women's role in the revolution;
d. The printing machine; and
e. Other numerous historical photos.
The museum also features personal belongings of a Shia cleric who was hanged by Russian troops, as well as photos of others who were campaigning against presence of Russian military.
If you’re interested in history and Russia’s role in the region, the Constitution House of Tabriz is a MUST SEE!